The cervix is the lower uterus portion which projects into the vagina. Common symptoms attributed to cervical infections include spotting, pain, pressure, bleeding, discomfort and vaginal discharges. These could be caused by infection, inflammation, injury, allergy or cervical cancer. Here is a brief insight into cervix problems treatment.
Allergy and inflammation may be caused by condoms, chemicals, lubricant and any other devices that come into contact with the cervix. Sexually transmitted infections could also affect the area. Changes in cervical cells can be brought about by chronic infection and could develop into cancerous tumors.
Depending on the symptoms and their severity, other indications could also accompany the problem. Odor, swelling and vaginal itching could be experienced. If the condition advances, there may be changes in bladder/bowel function, leaking of stool or urine into the vaginal canal, generalized fatigue, painful and swollen legs as well as weight loss.
Diagnosis of the condition often needs evaluation of potential exposures and medical history as well. A pelvic exam may need to be performed. This entails examining the area using a speculum, a bi-manual exam, taking samples and palpation of the tubes, ovaries and uterus. The exam normally involves testing for STDs such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and Hepatitis C.
Other tests can also be performed, depending on the suspected condition. Treatment also varies according to the infection. Many symptoms are usually treatable using a host of remedies. However, one is advised to talk to their sexual partners so that they’re offered treatment for STDs.
In some cases, cervical infections could accompany a more serious disease. One is thus advised to seek immediate medical attention for symptoms such as bleeding during pregnancy, heavy/uncontrolled bleeding, severe abdominal pains and high fever. Cervical infections usually require specialized treatment to avert complications.
Chronic diseases are characterized by recurrent episodes of infection that resist normal forms of treatment. These could lead to a number of health complications. Such include difficulty in conceiving and high risk of premature delivery/miscarriage. The condition is also threatening to newborn babies; an infected woman risks damaging the eyesight of the fetus during birth.
Chronic cervical problems are normally treated using 3 procedures namely cauterization, cryosurgery and laser surgery. The first entails using an electric probe to cauterize (burn) the chronically infected cells that are located on the cervix. While this treatment has been in use for many years, it isn’t as common now due to the advent of other treatment methods.
Cryosurgery entails the use of extremely cold nitrous oxide or carbon dioxide gas. This is used to freeze the abnormal cells in the cervix and kill them. The gas is normally administered by a doctor using a small, hand-held device that’s inserted into the vaginal canal. This procedure is less painful when compared to cauterization. It is also easier for the doctor to monitor and control.
Laser surgery is the most preferable choice for cervix problems treatment. It’s suitable for those with large areas of chronically infected tissue in their cervix. Here, laser beams are used to destroy the abnormal surface tissue. This procedure can take longer than the previous two methods and is costlier. However, it’s also highly effective.